Dec 012018

Lack of Women in Politics in the United States

1.  Introduction

In the United States of America, women dominate the population in number by consisting of 50.8% of the total.[i]Yet, the U.S. House of representatives only consists of 20.2% women out of the total 535 seats.[ii]The 2018 midterm elections are considered to be ground breaking in welcoming various new members of the American community to represent the Congress, for example, the first Native American woman, first Muslim woman who also wears a hijab, and women of colour from some states.[iii]Numerous research studies have been conducted connecting the role of women in the government to the well-being of the country. Sweden’s government includes 52% of the women and consists of highest female employment rate in the European Union, which lead to the government looking at parents as dual-income earners providing better maternity leave plans and having the lowest child poverty rate.[iv]Former American Political Science Association president Arend Lijphart also found strong correlations between the women in government and more progressive policies on environment, violence prevention, incarceration, etc.ii,[v]With an increasing movement of freedom in the twenty first century, when and how will the government catch up in truly representing a democracy by balancing the gender inequality ratios in legislature.

Nov 132018

Does radiation give you super powers?

Radiation is misrepresented in the popular media such as Hulk and Fantastic Four. This is why we want to make the understanding of our audience more cogent, so they are more prepared to understand the influence of radiation in our lives. We plan to do this by producing a video focusing on radiation, its misrepresentation in Hulk and Fantastic Four, and broader impacts. We expect the video to be about 10 minutes in total length.  

Nov 022018

Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 


Since the industrial revolution, our capacity to use technology has immensely ameliorated and humans have drawn numerous advantages through them. However, there is always a cost associated with such improvements. Where sustainability is the nexus between people, profit and planet, the third factor has been hugely ignored during this industrial revolution to maintain sustainability. In reaction to such long-running mishap, the government had to intervene to bring more environmental sustainability into manufacturing and protect the well-being of the people.i  

Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 consists of one such story where the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) took numerous harsh measures to prevent or regulate the toxic pollutants with a focus on air quality improvements.ii CAAA was already enacted earlier since 1963, however in 1990, stronger, harsher and more apt decisions were taken to further reduce the air pollution levels. The 1990 CAAA also helped spur new technological innovations that are closely tied to the background of sustainability. In order to understand the impact of CAAA 1990 and how it came about, we must delve into the history of the act, which includes the role of numerous leaders and major changes in the system.  

Jul 012018

Road to Modernization; but wait; carry on!

A dictator could kill its people but a king cannot.

Mohammad Reza Shah

Islam does need adjectives…Islam is everything. It means everything

Ayatollah Khomeini

In the past 70 years, Iran has gone through incredible changes in its society and the willingness to modernization has been a common theme present in all these different periods. The ideologies of the leaders – Shah (1953-78), Khomeini (1979-89) and the other presidents (1989-2016) – have been relatively same i.e. to modernize Iran and improve the lives of the civilians. Even with this noble cause of working for the people and helping them reach modernity, there have been myriads of conflicts during this period that have caused a commotion and social unrest; because of which, Iran’s reputation in the world has degraded. This result of confrontation even when the essential idea of modernity in the three periods has been constant, what has cotinuously been creating this havoc?

May 132018

The man of might – Kalam


Some people were destined to leave a legacy that forever changed the world. With tremendous passion, energy and enthusiasm, Professor Dr. Abul Pakir Jainuldin Abdul Kalam was undoubtedly one of those individuals. His prime concern as a scientist, researcher, defence minister, president and citizen of India was to lift the nation to realize its ultimate potential. (Photo on the right from “Wings of Fire.”)

More than 50 percent of Indians today are under the age of 25. On top of this, India with its 29 states possesses a miscellany of different languages, dances, religions, etc. With the youth population skyrocketing and such incredible diversity, it is shocking to observe that India lacks a young labour force of immense competitive capabilities. Over 80 percent of students coming out of college require further training before entering the industrial world. These figures were worse during Dr. Kalam’s youth (Dwivedi 11). Indeed, the discrepancy between what India could be and what it was motivated Dr. Kalam throughout his entire career. His goal was to empower the youth of the country, whether through training the staff under him when he worked for the Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), or through visiting primary schools. This is evident as he met around 300,000 students in a short 3-month period after he stepped down from the Indian presidency (Kalam “Turning” 25). This is where his passion lied.

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